There are many types of fish food on the market today. The most common type is flake food. Flake food is great because it contains both animal and plant products, which lead to a well balanced diet. With flake food, it is important to keep in mind that they loose their nutritional value after about a month. Do not buy too large of quantities. There are many varieties of flake food on the market, including color enhancing flakes, vegetable only flakes, and flakes that promote growth. Rotating a variety of flakes through your fish’s diet will help them to be healthy.
Some variations on flake food are pellets, wafers, and stick foods. Pellets are great for bottom feeders, because many of them sink to the bottom. Also, they work well for fish that strike their food. The aquarium owner has more control of the amount of food they are feeding their fish. Wafers are usually designed to sink to the bottom for catfish. Sticks are good for large fish, as they are less messy than flakes.
Many live foods are available in freeze-dried foods. Tubifex cubes and bloodworms are the most common types of freeze-dried food. These animals do not loose their nutritional value when preserved. Freeze-dried brine shrimp and daphnia loose a little of their nutritional value during the process. Mosquito larvae are an excellent feed dried food, but hard to find.
Frozen food is one of the best food types to offer your fish. Frozen bloodworms and brine shrimp are easy to find, and are excellent food for your fish. Freezing these food sources does not harm them. If you are prone to allergies, avoid touching bloodworms. They can sometimes create an allergic reaction in humans. Glassworms are also often available as a frozen food, as are krill. These types help the fish to grow large. Avoid thawing and refreezing the food, as this causes a loss of nutrients.
The best possible food you can feed your fish is live food. This is because live food is the closest thing to what your fish would be eating in the wild. You can feed your larger fish earthworms. Keep them in damp, shredded paper for a day so that they empty all the dirt in their systems. If your fish are small, however, you will need to cut up the earthworms. Whiteworms and grindal worms can be grown in your fridge and fed bread. They are a good size for adult fish. Blackworms are available at large pet stores.
Wingless fruit flies are a great source of food for surface feeders, and can be cultivated at home. Be aware, however, that the flies occasionally escape from the tank. Brine shrimp are easy to cultivate. Most pet stores sell eggs and hatcheries. Microworm cultures are good food for baby fish.
You can also get live food in the wild. You can collect Daphnia from clean water with a net, or harvest mosquito larvae from standing water. Be sure to feed the larvae to your fish quickly so you don’t have adult mosquitoes in your house! Flowing water sometimes has tubifex worms in it, but be careful, since they often thrive in polluted water. Collect your live food from water that has no fish. This will avoid any disease transfer.